Types of Brick Masonry

There are two types of masonry used in the construction of buildings. The first type is called “solid masonry,” which uses solid blocks of stone that are not hollow. The other type is called “hollow masonry,” which uses hollow blocks made from stones or bricks and mortar. Hollow masonry is far more common than solid masonry, especially in modern construction.

The walls made from hollow blocks are lighter and easier to build. Hollow block walls can be made of bricks or stones, but it doesn’t really matter as long as they are all the same size. They are also very easy to cut or shape if necessary when building a wall. These can be designed to fit into a space easily. Here are different types of brick masonry.

Common Burnt Clay Bricks

Most masonry contractors prefer to use burnt clay bricks in residential and commercial construction because they can be made from local sources, are inexpensive, and are very strong and durable when properly built into a wall.

Clay is usually found in the soil around rivers or streams where the water deposited it over thousands of years. It can also be mined from underground deposits that have not been exposed to air for long periods of time.

The first step in making clay blocks is digging up the clay from an excavation site and then crushing it into smaller pieces so that it will fit into a brick mold better. Next, the crushed blocks are mixed with water and other ingredients to create a dough-like substance called “adhesive,” which is used to bind together sand, limestone, and other minerals when making brick molds.

The adhesive is poured into molds which have been formed using two half-blocks that were cut off of a larger block called “clay header” after they were fired in a kiln at temperatures between 1000°C (1832°F) and 1200°C (2192°F). These temperatures are high enough to make them hard enough.

Concrete Bricks

Concrete bricks are made using a combination of sand, lime, and water. They are not as strong as clay bricks and must be laid with mortar between them. The mortar absorbs the shock of any impact on the building and prevents it from being affected by earthquakes or tremors.

They are placed on a level floor, about 3/4 of an inch thick, and covered with a minimum of 1/4 inch of sand. The bricks are cured for about six weeks before being used. Concrete bricks are usually painted with latex paint before being used.

Concrete blocks are made using the same process as concrete bricks, except that they are poured into a mold designed to create a block with more surface area.

Sand Lime Bricks

The sand lime brick is a kind of building material that has a high compressive strength, high thermal resistance and low water absorption. It is produced by mixing sand, lime, cement, fly ash and other materials. This material is widely used as the outer walls of buildings, as well as interior walls and other parts that require strength.

The main composition components are sand, cement, lime and fly ash. A glass fiber reinforced concrete wall mainly uses glass fiber reinforced gypsum as the main raw material. Wood fiber reinforced gypsum board mainly uses wood fiber as the main raw material.

Fly Ash Clay Bricks

Fly ash is a fine powder that is produced by the combustion of coal in electric power plants. It’s a by-product of coal burning and contains small amounts of oxides, silica and alumina. The fly ash is mixed with water, forming a slurry, which can be used to make bricks and other products. Fly ash is added to the clay mix as an additive when making bricks or tiles.

Adding fly ash in large amounts (more than 30%) will result in a decrease in the strength of the brick but it will increase its thermal insulation properties. Fly ash can also be added to cement to form concrete or mortar that has increased thermal insulation properties or high resistance to chemical attack (e.g., sulphates).

Engineering Bricks

Engineering bricks are masonry units manufactured from a combination of natural and chemical materials. They are designed to provide increased strength and durability over traditional clay bricks. They are used in applications where durability is needed, such as retaining walls, road base, and sub-base applications. The first use of engineered brick was in the 1800s when they were used to build railroad beds.

Engineering brick is made with a mixture of natural materials (clay, sand, shale) and chemical additives (water repellents, plasticizers). The bricks are fired at high temperatures (1,450 °C), which causes the water repellents to bond with the clay particles. This makes the brick more durable and less susceptible to water damage than traditional clay brick.

To learn about various brick masonry types and different types of brick use, contact Mitchell Masonry Inc.